IV Two National Characters: The Peloponnesian Wars
Origins of Western Liberality + Conservatism
As the Greco-Persian Wars allowed for the dominance of Western politics, the following Peloponnesian Wars provided the basis for poles within Western politics.
Though both Greek, hyper-conservative Sparta and hyper-liberal (for the age) Athens were about as politically and morally opposite as two states could be.
And the concrete results of their fighting show us how these abstract moralities actually play out in reality.
This episode covers the environmental and cultural roots of their opposite philosophies, key events, and also key figures.
This episode we introduce Great Man Theory by covering short biographies of leaders whose personalities affected the results of the war, and the history that followed.
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